Posts Tagged ‘Embedded system’

Pragmatically Feasible?

September 17, 2013 6 comments

From the MISRA web site:

The Motor Industry Software Reliability Association (MISRA), is a collaboration between vehicle manufacturers, component suppliers and engineering consultancies which seeks to promote best practice in developing safety-related electronic systems in road vehicles and other embedded systems.

While browsing through the MISRA C++:2008 standard, I came across this not-unexpected requirement:

No Heap

I don’t know enough about the standard to know if it’s true, but I interpret this requirement as banning not only the use of “new/delete“, but also as banning the use of the dynamically managed STL container abstractions (vectors, lists, sets, maps, queues) and, hence, the many standard library algorithms that operate on them. I wonder what the MISRA Java specification, if there is one, says about dynamic memory allocation.

If my interpretation of 18-4-1 is correct, then the requirement can severely jack up the cost, schedule, and technical risks of any software component that is required to be compliant with the specification. For non-trivial applications requiring more than low-level, statically allocated arrays…..

Complexity is pushed out of the language and into the application code. The semantics of language features are far better specified than the typical application code. – Bjarne Stroustrup & Kevin Carroll

Because of the safety-critical nature of embedded automotive software, I can understand the reasoning behind the no-dynamic-memory-allocation requirement. But is it pragmatically feasible in today’s world; especially since software components keep getting larger and commensurately more complex over time? In other words, is it one of those requirements that doesn’t scale? Is it too Draconian?

For those C++ programmers who work in the automotive industry and happen to stumble upon this blog (which will probably be none), what has been your experience with this MISRA requirement and some of the other similarly unsettling requirements in the specification? Are “waivers” often asked for and granted? Is it an unspoken truth that people/companies pay public lip service to the requirement but privately don’t comply?


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